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Impacts of large-scale investments in agriculture on water resources, ecosystems and livelihoods

The goal of this project  is to analyze the nature and extent of impacts of foreign direct investments (FDI) in agriculture in Africa. The research, which is being conducted on behalf of the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW)  by IWMI in partnership with UNEP, GRID-ARENDAL and FAO, is specifically investigating how these schemes are affecting water resources and livelihoods of current land users, and what the repercussions are for the natural environment and the ecosystem services these provide, particularly those relating to water resources. 

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The project was initiated in response to an explicit request from AMCOW for research-based policy options for managing land and water effectively and sustainably.The project aims to support informed decision-making by providing recommendations on leasing agricultural land that will ensure equitable benefits to all parties  –  investors,  current land users and affected communities. The recommendations will also seek to ensure that land and water resources are sustainably managed so as to continue to provide essential ecosystem services.