Publications > Last Stand of the Oran ... > Orangutan Update: Situ ...

Last Stand of the Orangutan

Orangutan Update: Situation Deteriorating

To conserve the priority populations of orangutans identified as crucial for the species’ survival, it is critical to tackle the loss of forest cover within their range. Indonesian forests are being destroyed or degraded by (1) illegal logging for timber, pulp, paper and plywood; (2) conversion to industrial timber and crop plantations, such as oil palm; (3) clearing for small-scale shifting cultivation; and (4) fire (Schroeder-Wildberg and Carius 2003). The trade in wood products and palm oil is largely conducted by multinational networks based in Asia, Europe and North America.