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Uploaded on Monday 13 Dec 2010 by Peter Prokosch

Iceberg, Svalbard

Year: 2010 Taken by: Peter Prokosch
Svalbard is a small archipelago whose climate is influenced by two sources of surface ocean water: (a) The West Spitsbergen Current, moving warm water along the West Coast; (b) East Greenland Current, bringing cold water and pack ice southeastwards. This ice on the East Spitsbergen Current melts slowly in warmer waters and is part of a vital cycle, influencing ocean temperature and salinity (MELTING ICE; Regional Dramas, Global wake-up call). Furthermore, ice coverage actually reflects solar radiation whereas water and bare ground absorb it in the form of heat. Accelerated ice-melt would mean not only a change in water temperature and salinity, but also the release of greenhouse gases (currently trapped within ice and permafrost areas) into the atmosphere and further acceleration of the melt as ice coverage (reflective surface of the planet) declines.
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Relevant links:
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Krossfjorden, Svalbard
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Port of Murmansk, Russia
Sea Ice melting, North of Dickson , Taimyr, Russia (July 1991)
Sea Ice North of Svalbard
Svalbard Reindeer, Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus, grazing on icy ground, Longyearbyen
Taimyr Coastline
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