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Tag: Timber

Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States
EU imports 133–385 million cubic meters RWE of wood products. The US imports about 72 million. About 59 per cent of the imports to the EU and the US are paper and pulp. The wood used to produce paper and pulp is often mo...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal Logging and log laundering
Mixing of legal with illegal wood, including in pulp, chips and paper is the far most common way to hide the imports of illegally procured timber.
01 Dec 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal logging methods
The illegal trade in flora, such as illegal logging, has been estimate to represent a value of 30-100 billion USD annually. An estimated 50-90% of the wood in some tropical countries is suspected to come from illegal sou...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal logging and the Congo conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts, as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerrillas or military units impose taxes on logging com...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Forests and conflicts
Around the world, conflicts and wars are taking a toll on forests and on the communities that rely on them for their livelihood. Dense forests can serve as hideouts for insurgent groups or can be a vital source of reve...
18 Dec 2014 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, GRID Arendal
Major environmental crimes
The economic scale of environmental crime is substantial - especially on illegal logging and fisheries - and probably just as large as or well exceed global ODA (Official Development Assistance) of around USD 135 billi...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Environmental crime network
The opportunities ecosystems provide for future development are threatened by serious and increasingly sophisticated transnational organized environmental crime. This includes illegal logging, poaching and trafficking of...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Brazilian Amazone: Law enforcement operations cause 76% reduction in deforestation
Brazil managed to reduce deforestation in the country primarily through a targeted and strict enforcement effort using satellite images to detect recent logging, followed by direct action by SWAT teams and investigators ...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Wood exports from Congo Basin
China is probably the largest importer of wood products of illegal origin. Other primary importers of illegal logs or wood products are Japan, the EU, and the US.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Annual Value of Illegal Logging
The official value of the global wood trade has been estimated at around US $327 billion dollars (FAO, 2007; UNEP 2009). If illegal logging consists of as much as 10-30 per cent of the total logging worldwide, with some ...
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Illegal Timber from the Congo
Political economic networks often provide forceful drivers for small-scale illegal logging and timber trade. Many of these networks bring together not only powerful actors from the private sector but als government offic...
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Illegal Logging and Log Laundering
A key element in illegal logging schemes is the laundering of the illegal timber and other wood products. This is the primary way that illegal logs are transported, processed and exported or manufactured, thereby bypassi...
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
By-passing flow of investment to illegal logging
The Norwegian sovereign wealth fund is an example of a governance mechanism employed in an attempt to limit investment in companies involved in illegal logging.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Black wood dependency
China is probably the largest importer of wood products with illegal origin. Other primary importers of illegal logs or wood products are Japan, the EU and the US.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Ten ways to conduct illegal logging
Illegal logging takes place in many forms, from illegal logging in protected areas or large-scale illegal logging without permits in remote areas, conflict zones and border areas, to adavanced laundering operations mixin...
04 Oct 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Causes of illegal logging
There are many different causes of illegal logging. This model illustrates the causes of illegal logging in Indonesia.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Illegal Logging and the Congo Conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerillas or military units impose taxes on logging compa...
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Illegal charcoal trade
Many protected areas are home to an abundance of rare wood species in high demand for panels, floors and furniture. They may also hold some of the last remaining concentrations of high density wood for charcoal.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Illegal logging bottlenecks
Illegal timber has to be aggregated and funnelled by road or river transport to a limited number of destinations domestically or for export, which creates a bottleneck in the illegal trade.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
Environmental trends Nordic countries (slide 4)
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries part 4. It illustrates positive and negative development in Nordic countries within areas such as timber resources and agricultural land resources.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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