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Protected areas share of total land area in Tanzania Protected areas share of total land area in Tanzania
Tanzania has the second highest proportion of national protected areas among the Basin states, after Zambia, with 28 per cent of the country set aside for national parks, conservation areas, game reserves, and controlled and protected areas. Tanzania has been working hard to meet world limits of 20 per cent protected coastal areas by 2012. Famous marine parks in Tanzania include Mafia Island Marine Park and Mnazi Bay Conservation Area.
21 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia
While Namibia is not heavily forested, the graphic shows a 17 per cent drop in the proportion of land area covered by forests since 1990. Just 8.8 per cent of the country was covered by forests in 2010.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique
Mozambique lost 5.5 per cent of its forests in the 20 years between 1990 and 2010, but has since launched reforestation projects which have fostered denser forest cover in the wet and fertile regions while thin savannah vegetation characterizes the drier interior (Government of Mozambique 2010). This figure depicts the proportion of land area covered by forests.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area Change in proportion of land area
Malawi is on track towards attaining half of the environmental sustainability indicators, although the land area covered by forest has declined from 32.9 percent in 1990 to 27.3 per cent in 2010. This decline can be attributed to fuelwood collection, subsistence and commercial agriculture (UNEP 2008). Tobacco farming, which accounts for almost 80 per cent of export earnings, is one of the major causes of deforestation. Government is committed to ...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana
Some forest cover is lost to fuelwood that supplies 98 per cent of domestic energy in rural areas and 79 per cent in urban areas (Government of Botswana 2009), but timber operations have been banned since 1992, due to the poor forest resources base (SADC/ SARDC and others 2008). This figure shows the reduction in forest cover.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Regional land degradation Regional land degradation
Climate change-related land degradation or desertification is another phenomenon affecting all Caspian Sea littoral states. In the normal course of events, a lack of rainfall and extreme summer evaporation result in a high level of aridity in the Caspian Sea region, especially in coastal areas of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. But deserts and desertification are not limited to the eastern part of the Caspian Sea coastal zone. Land degradation ...
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Zambezi River Basin trans frontier conservation areas Zambezi River Basin trans frontier conservation areas
The Zambezi basin has several large transboundary protected areas where two or more countries participate in managing shared natural resources. The creation of Trans Frontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) in the basin is regarded as one of the anchors for regional economic integration, socio-economic development and poverty reduction through multi-destination and crossborder tourism (SADC and SARDC 2008). The TFCAs in the Zambezi basin are at dif...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Kavango-Zambezi TFCA Kavango-Zambezi TFCA
In December 2006, the governments of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe signed an MOU establishing the KAZA TFCA. The TFCA covers an area of 287 000 square kilometres and stretches from the Khaudum National Park in Namibia in the west to Lake Kariba in Zimbabwe in the east (SARDC 2010).Thirty-six protected areas including national parks, game reserves, community conservancies and game management areas are included in the TFCA. One of...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected area share of total land area in Zimbabwe Protected area share of total land area in Zimbabwe
The Government of Zimbabwe has maintained the size of protected areas since 1990 at 46 504 sq km, which is 12 per cent of the national surface area.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected ares share of total land area in Zambia Protected ares share of total land area in Zambia
Zambia has the highest proportion of protected areas to total surface area among Basin states, at 236 921 sq km, or 31 per cent.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Namibia Protected areas share of total land area in Namibia
Despite the arid climate, Namibia is home to abundant bio-diversity, including unique desertadapted ecological communities, mega fauna, and productive coastal fisheries. Namibia has one of the largest remaining populations of the highly endangered black rhinoceros, with about three-quarters of the national rhino population found in Etosha National Park. The Government of Namibia has maintained the size of protected areas since independence in 19...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Mozambique Protected areas share of total land area in Mozambique
The extent of protected areas has risen slightly from 66 020 at the end of the war in 1992 to 67 300 by 2001, amounting to eight per cent of the total surface area as shown in this figure.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Malawi Protected areas share of total land area in Malawi
The extent of protected land area in Malawi has remained at 10 585 sq km since 1990, amounting to nine per cent of the total surface area in a densely populated country, as shown in the figure.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share of total land area in Botwana Protected areas share of total land area in Botwana
The Government of Botswana has designated a sizeable portion of land area for conservation since before 1990. The protected areas in Botswana total 104,988 sq km, which is 18 per cent of the total surface area of the country, a significant proportion when compared to most other countries in the Basin, except for Zambia and Tanzania.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Protected areas share total land area in Angola Protected areas share total land area in Angola
Another indicator of environmental sustainability is the proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected. The extent of the protected land area in Angola has remained the same since 1990, but there is little data available on the protection of Angola’s marine resources. The Southern Africa Environment Outlook shows that Angola’s protected areas total 81 812 sq km, an extensive area when compared to many other countries, but just seven perce...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Tanzania, a hotspot for agrofuel investments Tanzania, a hotspot for agrofuel investments
12 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Africa, a global market for large-scale land acquisitions Africa, a global market for large-scale land acquisitions
By 2013, international large-scale land transactions amounting to 46 million hectares had been successfully transacted worldwide. Africa is the main target of these transactions: transactions accounting for 50 percent of the verified land deals have been reported in Africa. Ethiopia, Sudan, Madagascar, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Cameroon in particular, have been the primary focus of land acquisition.
20 Jun 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Land acquisition by agricultural use Land acquisition by agricultural use
12 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Regional land degradation Regional land degradation
Climate change has increased the frequency and intensity of weather-related events and natural disasters such as floods, droughts, landslides, avalanches, debris flows and mud flows. For example, in the last 30 years mudflows in the Terek river basin in the north-eastern Caucasus have occurred almost annually. The most destructive mudflows were recorded in 2000 and were perhaps linked to persistent above-average summer temperatures. In Sep...
07 Mar 2012 - by Original cartography by Philippe Rekacewicz (le Monde Diplomatique) assisted by Laura Margueritte and Cecile Marin, later updated by Riccardo Pravettoni (GRID-Arendal), Novikov, Viktor (Zoi Environment Network)
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Impact of land conversion on biodiversity Impact of land conversion on biodiversity
The impacts of land conversion on biodiversity may be significant. The degree of impact relates to many factors, including where and how the bioenergy product is cultivated. This figure represent the short-term impacts of land conversion.
01 Mar 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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