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Industrial hazardous waste in the Mediterranean countries Industrial hazardous waste in the Mediterranean countries
Industry is frequently located along the region’s coasts in areas with high population density, sometimes within urban centres, and often in close proximity to other economic activities like agriculture and tourism. This means that pressures brought by industry to coastal and marine environments add to and interact with other types of pressures. The environmental pressures on the Mediterranean coastal marine environment generated by this ...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Development of organic matter, phosphorus and nitrate in EU 15 rivers Development of organic matter, phosphorus and nitrate in EU 15 rivers
The graphic shows the development of organic matter, phosphorus and nitrate in EU 15 rivers. Water resources in Europe have been profoundly influenced over the past century by human activities, including the construction of dams and canals, large irrigation and drainage systems, changes of land cover in most watersheds, high inputs of chemicals from industry and agriculture into surface and groundwater, and depletion of aquifers. Some of the most...
14 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial CO2 emissions Industrial CO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial emissions of CO2, which includes Mineral products, chemical industry, metal production, Other production, Production of Halocarbons, Sulphur Hexafluoride and consumption of Sulphur Hexafluoride and Halocarbons.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial SO2 emissions Industrial SO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial SO2 emissions from combustion in manufacturing industry and from industrial production processes.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial NO2 emissions Industrial NO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial NO2 emissions from combustion in manufacturing industry and industrial production processes.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial Production Industrial Production
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). The graphic shows industrial production from 1990 to 1998 in Baltic countries.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Losses in windstorm catastrophes Losses in windstorm catastrophes
Emissions from human activities, and primarily fossil fuels, contribute to climate change, global warming and the greenhouse effect. This is primarily from industry, energy, transportation and related sectors. Please note that this collection of graphics has since been updated, please see http://www.grida.no or http://unfccc.int/ for the latest information and graphics
12 Feb 2006 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Natural and industrial disasters Natural and industrial disasters
Some places are more prone to disaster than others. But that does it take to turn a cyclone into a disaster in one place and just a climatic event somewhere else? The main reasons are obvious enough. Economically deprived people living in shacks are more likely to suffer from any calamity. Rich countries may have more to lose financially, but they also have more resources for anticipating hazards. There are many ways of determining vulnerability,...
01 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Dominating air currents Dominating air currents
The pollution from industrialized nations are affecting the environment in the Arctic region. The main areas of indutrial activity in the northern hemisphere are spreading to specific areas in the Arctic though air currents.
04 Oct 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions in 1990 and 2000 Latin America and selected countries CO2 emissions in 1990 and 2000 Latin America and selected countries
A comparison of the total level of CO2 emissions from Latin America compared to selected countries. Emissions from Latin America and Caribbean increased more than the world average between 1990 and 2000. The increase inthis region was more than 35% while the total increase in the world's emission (excluding land use change) was almost 13%. In South America the increase came mainly from industry and transport, where emissions increased by more t...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Regional differences in CO2 emissions Latin America and the Caribbean Regional differences in CO2 emissions Latin America and the Caribbean
Compares the total amounts of CO2 emissions from the three main regions within Latin America and the Caribbean. CO2 emissions in the region vary considerably. The highest emissions come from South America, while the lowest and relatively more stable emissions come from the Caribbean. Between 1990 and 2000, CO2 emissions from South America increased by more than 40%, mainly because of increased emissions from transportation, industry and electri...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Top 10 CO2 emitting countries in 2000; Latin America and the Caribbean Top 10 CO2 emitting countries in 2000; Latin America and the Caribbean
Brazil is the world’s second largest emitter of carbon dioxide (CO2) from land use change. Only Indonesia emits more. In 2000 CO2 emissions from land use change in Brazil represented 18% of the world’s total emissions. The per capita emissions from land use change in Brazil are 6 times higher than the world average. Most of the land use change emissions in Brazil are caused by the massive logging of its rainforest. The per capita emissions of C...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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South Eastern Europe to Central Asia: political transition and environmental risks South Eastern Europe to Central Asia: political transition and environmental risks
The graphic maps out the areas that are at risk, or already contaminated from nuclear industry after the break-up of the former Soviet Union. Nuclear power has unresolved problems of waste disposal. Waste remains dangerous for thousands of human generations and can be converted to plutonium, a component of nuclear weapons. The mining of nuclear fuel, containing U-235 and U-238, can pollute groundwater with both heavy metals and traces of radioact...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Industrial sites in Kosovo Industrial sites in Kosovo
In Kosovo mining itself promises to create 35 000 jobs. A large part of this plan is associated with the exploitation of lignite (a type of coal), which is supposed to be used exclusively for electricity generation. On the basis of existing demand for electricity in Kosovo, the known deposits would produce sufficient energy for about 1 000 years.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Overview of the Rosia Montana planned mining facilities (Romania) Overview of the Rosia Montana planned mining facilities (Romania)
The Rosia Montana gold and silver mining project in Romania's Apuseni Mountains has been in and out of the environmental headlines in recent years. It is a fascinating case of the new market economy trying to conduct a dirty old industrial activity in a completely new and much cleaner way – at least in Romania.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Solid Biomass Consumption Including Woodfuel Solid Biomass Consumption Including Woodfuel
Fuelwood and charcoal from forests have long provided energy for heating, cooking and industry. Almost 90 per cent of the wood harvested in Africa, and 40 per cent in Asia and the Pacific, is used for fuel (FAO 2006a). Wood pellets, typically produced in North America and Europe from sawdust and other timber by-products, are increasingly used in stoves, boilers and power stations (Peksa-Blanchard et al. 2007)
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Raw material consumption in United States and Western Europe (Steel, aluminium, plastics and cement) Raw material consumption in United States and Western Europe (Steel, aluminium, plastics and cement)
The global consumption of key raw materials is rising fast. Over the 20-year period ending in 1994, the world population increased by 40% – in that same period, the world consumption of cement increased by 77%, and plastics by just under 200%… Among raw materials used for construction, only crude steel registered a growth rate that was significantly lower (only 3% from 1974 to 1994) than the rate of population increase. (University of Minnesota, ...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Mining effects on rainfall drainage Mining effects on rainfall drainage
The Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is the number one environmental problem facing the mining industry. AMD occurs when sulphide-bearing minerals in rock are exposed to air and water, changing the sulphide to sulphuric acid. It can devastate aquatic habitats, is difficult to treat with existing technology, and once started, can continue for centuries (Roman mine sites in Great Britain continue to generate acid drainage 2000 years after mining ceased)....
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Packaging production and recycling: selected European countries Packaging production and recycling: selected European countries
Recycling activities are economically important. Collection, sorting and reprocessing represent job opportunities (especially in the paper recycling sector). They also lower energy and municipal waste disposal costs. Recycling and reprocessing are growth industries, which also support some downstream sectors like the steel industry.
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Shipbreaking in Asia Shipbreaking in Asia
Prior to 1970, shipbeaking was concentrated in Europe. It was a highly mechanised activity carried out at docks by skilled workers. However the increasing cost of upholding environmental health and safety guidelines made it unprofitable. So the industry moved from the steel capped boots and hard hats of Europe to the bare footed workers of Asia. It is estimated that approximately 100 000 Asians are employed as ship breakers. (International Labou...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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