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Consequences of Delayed Mitigation Consequences of Delayed Mitigation
The delayed implementation of the SLCP control measures presented in the Time to Act publication could have negative consequences on temperature rise. Due to the relatively short lifetimes of SLCPs climate benefits could be achieved quickly after mitigation of emissions.
19 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
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The SLCP Opportunity - Benefits of Control Measures The SLCP Opportunity - Benefits of Control Measures
A number of available mitigation options have been identified that if rapidly implemented have the potential to deliver rapid multiple benefits for human well-being by improving air quality and reducing near term global warming.
19 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
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Historical trends in carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature, on a geological and recent time scale Historical trends in carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature, on a geological and recent time scale
The most recent geological history, in the last hundred thousand years, has been characterised by cycles of glaciations, or ice ages. The historic temperatures, through these times, have been low, and continental ice sheets have covered large parts of the world. Through ancient air, trapped in tiny bubbles in the Antarctic ice, we have been able to see what the temperature cycle was at that time, and also the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2)...
01 Jun 2007 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Transport CO2 emissions Transport CO2 emissions
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). This graphic shows transport CO2 emissions from 1990 to 1998 in Baltic countries.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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BSR CO2 emissions since 1992 BSR CO2 emissions since 1992
Graphics from the year 2000 Baltic 21 biannual indicator-based status report on sustainable development in the Baltic Sea Region (Baltic 21 Series No 1/2000). Emissions of CO2 in the Baltic region have remained constant from 1990 to 1997.
10 Mar 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows Swedish emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995 and projections to 2020 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases have several anthropogenic sources including industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and changes in land use, such as deforestation.
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases
The graph shows Icelandic emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1985 to 1995 with projections to 2010 according to second national communications to UNFCCC. Greenhouse gases are largely produced by human activities, including industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and changes in land use, such as deforestation.
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Projections to 2020 of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions Projections to 2020 of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions
The graphic shows emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases from 1990 to 1995, with projections to 2020. The main greenhouse gases are CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6. GLobal warming is largely believed to be the result of emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities including industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and changes in land use, such as deforestation.
06 Nov 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 air emissions by sources in 1995 CO2 air emissions by sources in 1995
The graph shows CO2 air emissions from selected countries by various sources in 1995. Among the anthropogenic sources of CO2 air emissions are fossil fuel combustion, cement production and land-use conversion.
13 Feb 2006 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Kyoto protocol, cost of implementation Kyoto protocol, cost of implementation
The Kyoto Protocol is only a first step towards combating climate change. Drastic reductions of greenhouse gas emissions are required to avoid the most threatening consequences of global warming. Concerns are raised that the price for the economy will be too high, but studies indicate that there will only be a small reduction in GDP to reach the Kyoto targets and that it is possible to stabilize the concentration of CO2 at low costs. The GDP los...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Climate change: processes, characteristics and threats Climate change: processes, characteristics and threats
Most people have heard about climate change, they might even express a real concern about it, but how many would actually consider it a threat? Because the changes can be slow and sometimes difficult to identify within the normal variation of climatic conditions, many of us think they will not affect our lives. However, some parts of the world are already being severely affected by climatic change – both the people and the environment. And unfort...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Rapid decline of the San Quintin glacier, North Patagonia Rapid decline of the San Quintin glacier, North Patagonia
Glaciers grow and retreat at intervals depending on local climate changes, particularly variations in temperature and precipitation . Retreating and diminishing mountain glaciers all over the world, except in the Antarctica, indicate a general trend of global warming.
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CH4 emissions in 2000; Latin America and selected countries CH4 emissions in 2000; Latin America and selected countries
Since pre-industrial times, the atmospheric concentration of methane (CH4) has increased by 150%. Methane is a greenhouse gas that has a global warming potential that is 23 times stronger than CO2. (IPCC 2001) In 2000 the total world CH4 emissions was estimated at 6,000 million tonnes of CO2equivalents. In South America the emissions of CH4 per capita is almost twice the world average, while the per capita emissions in Central America and Caribb...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Retreat of the ice cap on the Volcano Nevado Santa Isabel (Colombia) Retreat of the ice cap on the Volcano Nevado Santa Isabel (Colombia)
Shows the retreat of the glacier on the volcano Nevado Santa Isabel and the correlation of global warming. With spectacular mountain peak glaciers melting away, the area becomes less attractive to tourists. In addition, the local forestry and agricultural fertility suffer.
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions per person in Latin America and the Caribbean compared to the world and OECD average emissions CO2 emissions per person in Latin America and the Caribbean compared to the world and OECD average emissions
Emissions of greenhouse gases are on the increase around the world, contributing to man-made global warming and climate change. This graphic displays greenhouse gas emissions per capita in Latin America and the Caribbean compared to countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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N2O emissions in 2000; Latin America and selected countries N2O emissions in 2000; Latin America and selected countries
Since pre-industrial times, the atmospheric concentration of nitrous oxide (N2O) has increased by 16%. Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas that has a global warming potential that is 296 times stronger than CO2. In 2000 the total world N2O emissions were estimated at 3,400 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents. In South America the emissions of N2O per capita was almost twice the world average, while the emissions of N2O per capita emissions in Centra...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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UN Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) UN Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Convention is the foundation of global efforts to combat global warming. Opened for signature in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, its ultimate objective is the 'stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic human-induced interference with the climate system. The Convention's supreme body is the Conference of the Parties (COP)...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The decrease of Arctic sea ice, minimum extent in 1982 and 2007, and climate projections [Norwegian] The decrease of Arctic sea ice, minimum extent in 1982 and 2007, and climate projections [Norwegian]
Sattelite observations of the september extent of sea ice in the Arctic shows in 2007 shows a 23% decrease from the previous minimum, in 2005, and 39% below the average minimum extent for the time period 1979-2000. The bottom part of this graphic shows the development according to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) and the merging of five global climate models - the resultant projections shows sucessive decreases for this century. The Ar...
28 Sep 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Emissions of CO2 per capita 1990 (selected countries) Emissions of CO2 per capita 1990 (selected countries)
The graph shows emissions of CO2 per capita 1990. CO2 can be emitted as byproduct from the use of fossil fuel, by combustion, land-use conversion and cement production. Atmospheric concentrations of CO2 are increasing, and it is indicated that this contributes to global warming and climate change.
28 Sep 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Total world CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil Total world CO2 emissions from coal, gas and oil
The graphic shows the world's total CO2 emissions in million metric tonnes carbon equivalent. Broken down into categories of total fuel fossil emissions, oil, natural gas and coal. CO2 is one of the main greenhouse gases and can, in addition to fossil fuel combustion( as shown on graph), be produced by cement production and land use conversion such as deforestation.
06 Nov 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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