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Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States
EU imports 133–385 million cubic meters RWE of wood products. The US imports about 72 million. About 59 per cent of the imports to the EU and the US are paper and pulp. The wood used to produce paper and pulp is often mostly or partly declared falsely as plantation wood.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Illegal Logging and log laundering Illegal Logging and log laundering
Mixing of legal with illegal wood, including in pulp, chips and paper is the far most common way to hide the imports of illegally procured timber.
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Illegal logging methods Illegal logging methods
The illegal trade in flora, such as illegal logging, has been estimate to represent a value of 30-100 billion USD annually. An estimated 50-90% of the wood in some tropical countries is suspected to come from illegal sources. Many of these illegal operations involve bribes to forest officials (in some instances noted as USD 20-50,000).
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Illegal logging and the Congo conflict Illegal logging and the Congo conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts, as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerrillas or military units impose taxes on logging companies or charcoal producers, issue false export permits and control border points. They frequently demand the removal of all vehicle checkpoints and public patrolling of resource-rich areas as part of the peace conditions followi...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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The illegal charcoal trade controlled by Al Shabaab The illegal charcoal trade controlled by Al Shabaab
Al Shabaab’s main income appears to be from charcoal, and taxing of other commodities, as well as possibly ex-pat finance. At a single roadblock they have been able to make up to USD 8–18 million per year for taxing passing charcoal traffic in Badhaadhe District, Lower Juba Region. Al Shabaab retains about one third of the income, which alone constitutes about USD 38–56 million. The overall size of the illicit charcoal export from Somalia has b...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Namibia
While Namibia is not heavily forested, the graphic shows a 17 per cent drop in the proportion of land area covered by forests since 1990. Just 8.8 per cent of the country was covered by forests in 2010.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Mozambique
Mozambique lost 5.5 per cent of its forests in the 20 years between 1990 and 2010, but has since launched reforestation projects which have fostered denser forest cover in the wet and fertile regions while thin savannah vegetation characterizes the drier interior (Government of Mozambique 2010). This figure depicts the proportion of land area covered by forests.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area Change in proportion of land area
Malawi is on track towards attaining half of the environmental sustainability indicators, although the land area covered by forest has declined from 32.9 percent in 1990 to 27.3 per cent in 2010. This decline can be attributed to fuelwood collection, subsistence and commercial agriculture (UNEP 2008). Tobacco farming, which accounts for almost 80 per cent of export earnings, is one of the major causes of deforestation. Government is committed to ...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana Change in proportion of land area covered by forest in Botswana
Some forest cover is lost to fuelwood that supplies 98 per cent of domestic energy in rural areas and 79 per cent in urban areas (Government of Botswana 2009), but timber operations have been banned since 1992, due to the poor forest resources base (SADC/ SARDC and others 2008). This figure shows the reduction in forest cover.
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Deforestation in Zambezi Basin Countries Deforestation in Zambezi Basin Countries
There is a growing body of evidence that the rate and extent of deforestation contribute to climate change in the Basin (SARDC and HBS 2010). The major causes of deforestation in the Basin are agricultural expansion, fuelwood collection, harvesting of non-timber forest products, commercial harvesting of natural/ indigenous timber species and forest fires. These are some of the issues that must be addressed in order to stem the destruction of for...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Land area covered by forests in Angola Land area covered by forests in Angola
Angola is the most densely forested country in the Basin (FAO 2010), including tropical rainforests in the north. While some Basin states had deforestation rates as high as 2.2 per cent, Angola shows a rate of between 0.1 and 0.2 per cent, although this is estimated as many of the forested areas were inaccessible for a long period. There has been no forestry inventory in Angola since independence in 1975, but the Ministry of Agriculture estimat...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Forest cover in Zambezi basin countries Forest cover in Zambezi basin countries
Zambezi River Basin countries have been losing forests over the decades, and this loss continues unabated. Rates of forest loss per year in the last 20 years have been significant with Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Mozambique recording the highest losses of 403 350 hectares, 327 000 hectares and 217 800 hectares, respectively, while Malawi and Namibia recorded the smallest losses at 32 950 hectares and 73 600 hectares, respectively (FAO 2011). The main ...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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Illegal logging bottlenecks Illegal logging bottlenecks
Illegal timber has to be aggregated and funnelled by road or river transport to a limited number of destinations domestically or for export, which creates a bottleneck in the illegal trade.
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Environmental trends Nordic countries (slide 4) Environmental trends Nordic countries (slide 4)
The graph shows environmental trends in Nordic countries part 4. It illustrates positive and negative development in Nordic countries within areas such as timber resources and agricultural land resources.
13 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forest boundaries in Northern Scandinavia Forest boundaries in Northern Scandinavia
Fennoscandia covers the northern region of scandinavia and the western part of the Barents region. The diferent types of forest covering and the political boundaries that are considered protected areas are shown on the map.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forest damage due to air pollution Forest damage due to air pollution
Air pollution has had an enormous impact of the forest in the Barents region. SPecifically there is alot of damage in Russia near the borders of Norway and Finland. The diagram shows areas of 'forest death' and the subsequent areas of varying levels of forest damage.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes
Shows the different levels of CO2 emissions from industrial processes and land use changes from different regions. The major greenhouse gases are included within six sectors: Energy; Industrial Processes; Solvent and Other Product Use; Agriculture; Land Use Change and Forestry; and Waste. Contributing to emissions Historically the developed countries of the world have emitted most of the anthropogenic greenhouse gases. The U.S. emits most in t...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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CO2 emissions in the world and in Latin America and the Caribbean CO2 emissions in the world and in Latin America and the Caribbean
A comparison between the amount of CO2 emissions of the world and latin America and the Caribbean. Since pre-industrial times, the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases has grown significantly. The present level of carbon dioxide concentration (around 375 parts per million) is the highest for 420,000 years, and probably the highest for the past 20 million years. CO2 is the greenhouse gas that contributes most to the enhanced greenhouse e...
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Retreat of the ice cap on the Volcano Nevado Santa Isabel (Colombia) Retreat of the ice cap on the Volcano Nevado Santa Isabel (Colombia)
Shows the retreat of the glacier on the volcano Nevado Santa Isabel and the correlation of global warming. With spectacular mountain peak glaciers melting away, the area becomes less attractive to tourists. In addition, the local forestry and agricultural fertility suffer.
17 May 2005 - by UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ratio of protected areas in the Balkans Ratio of protected areas in the Balkans
The Balkans boast an exceptional wealth of biodiversity of flora and fauna. The main threat to species is increasing anthropogenic pressures such as hunting, farming and the collection of medicinal plants. Natural habitats are threatened by unsustainable economic activities in agriculture, illegal logging of forestry, illegal building and serious pollution. This poses several environmental problems such as erosion, a concern for most of the count...
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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