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Illegal Logging and the Congo Conflict Illegal Logging and the Congo Conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerillas or military units impose taxes on logging companies or charcoal producers, issue false export permits and control border points. They frequently demand the removal of all vehicle check points and public patrolling of resource-rich areas as part of the peace conditions followin...
27 Sep 2012 - by GRID-Arendal
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Land mines in the Balkans Land mines in the Balkans
Some 11 countries in Europe (Western, Central Europe and the Balkans) are affected by anti-personnel mines. Several Balkan countries are severely affected as a result of the recent armed conflicts. However, the long-term legacy of anti-personnel mine contamination is also apparent in this region, where some countries are still removing anti-personnel mines laid during the Second World War.
01 May 2003 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ethnic groups in the South Eastern Europe Ethnic groups in the South Eastern Europe
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, ethnic tension has been a major factor in the development of the political situation in the Balkan Region. The break up of communist Yugoslavia lead to wide spread confict in the 1990-ies and has lead to the formation of new countries.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Refugee issues in Macedonia in 1999 Refugee issues in Macedonia in 1999
Shows the concentration of refugees within Macedonia and the locations of refugee centers and camps. The refugee influx put significant stress on Macedonia's weak social infrastructure. With the help of NATO and the international community, Macedonia ultimately was able to accommodate the influx.
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Sites visited in Macedonia by the Task Force (UNEP) Sites visited in Macedonia by the Task Force (UNEP)
The grapic shows all the sites the UNEP Task Force visited in Macedonia. Macedonia is part of the Balkans, bordering on Albania, Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, Serbia and Greece. The graphic is part of the balkan task force' goal to provide and review information on potential and real environmental impacts, as well as those on human settlements, stemming from the ongoing conflict in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and neighbouring countrie...
11 Feb 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Refugees and displaced people from the former Yugoslavia since 1991 Refugees and displaced people from the former Yugoslavia since 1991
All the states that emerged from the break-up of Yugoslavia are still fragile, except Slovenia, which joined the EU in 2004, and Croatia, which is well on the way towards European integration. There have been nearly 800,000 people who have left the former Yugoslavia since 1991.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Ethnic diversity in Kosovo Ethnic diversity in Kosovo
Kosovo, an area that has been a part of Serbia and previously Yugoslavia, has a large mixture of ethnic groups that has kept the area politically unstable for years. The largest groups include Albanians, Serbs, Bosniaks and Gorani with further large pockets of other ethnic groups.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Displaced persons for three Balkan countries, 1994-2004 Displaced persons for three Balkan countries, 1994-2004
The wars gave rise to significant movements of population, some temporary, others permanent. It has proved difficult for refugees and displaced persons to return to their former homes. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the process is often illusory. Returnees hurry to sell recovered property, particularly when it is located in areas in which the ethnic community to which they belong is now in the minority.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Political history of the Balkan region Political history of the Balkan region
The west Balkans and the Black Sea region are characterized by numerous common risks and challenges, including fragile statehood, a shared history of violent conflict, unconsolidated democratization and economic underdevelopment. Here is a series of maps that reflect the political landscape of the area from 1878 to 2006.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Stephane Kluser, Matthias Beilstein, Ieva Rucevska, Cecile Marin, Otto Simonett
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Population groups in the Balkan region and Eastern Europe Population groups in the Balkan region and Eastern Europe
The wars in former Yugoslavia sped up the process of ethnic homogenization in the west Balkans since modern states started to take form in the 19th century. In Croatia, for instance, the proportion of Serbs in the overall population has dropped from 12 per cent to just 4 per cent in 10 years.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Le Monde Diplomatique and UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Major oil pipeline projects Major oil pipeline projects
A number of oil pipelines are currently under study or construction in the Balkans: the US registered Albanian-Macedonian-Bulgarian Oil Corporation (AMBO) project will carry oil from the Caspian to the Mediterranean, via Bulgaria, Macedonia and Albania; the Adria Group project will channel Russian oil to the Omisalj terminal on the Croatian coast.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
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Population displacements 1991 to 2001 Population displacements 1991 to 2001
All the states that emerged from the break-up of Yugoslavia are still fragile, except Slovenia, which joined the EU in 2004, and Croatia, which is well on the way towards European integration. Since the Dayton Peace Agreement (1995), Bosnia and Herzegovina has constituted a state, but split into two entities: the Republic of Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, itself divided into 10 cantons.
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Forests Affected as Hideouts and Refuges Forests Affected as Hideouts and Refuges
Around the world, conflicts and wars are, directly and indirectly, taking a toll on forests and the communities that rely on them for their livelihood. Dense forests in remote areas provide safe haven for refugees fleeing from conflict, which can result in overexploitation of forest resources.
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Forests and Conflicts Forests and Conflicts
Around the world, conflicts and wars are taking a toll on forests and on the communities that rely on them for their livelihood. Dense forests can serve as hideouts for insurgent groups or can be as a vital source of revenue for warring parties to sustain conflict.
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Forests in Narcotics and Arms Trafficking Areas Forests in Narcotics and Arms Trafficking Areas
Dense forests can serve as hideouts for insurgent groups or can be as a vital source of revenue for warring parties to sustain conflict. Known cases of forests as sites of rebel camps include Colombia where left-wing guerrillas have camps deep in the Amazonian forest and in mountainous forest areas.
20 Jun 2009 - by Philippe Rekacewicz assisted by Cecile Marin, Agnes Stienne, Guilio Frigieri, Riccardo Pravettoni, Laura Margueritte and Marion Lecoquierre.
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Regulation of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers Regulation of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Water has long been associated with conflicts between neighbouring countries. This graphic shows how water from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is used in Iraq, and that neighbouring Syria and Turkey influence the flow of this water. The graphic shows the locations of main dams, swamps and horticulture in the region. It also shows five of the major ways in which land is used in the region: forest and grazing land; rain-fed agriculture (grains, ve...
17 May 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Balkans: topographic and political map Balkans: topographic and political map
The Balkans includes Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia and Montenegro (ex-Yugoslavia). The area is recovering from a long conflict and instability as a result of the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia.
04 Oct 2005 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Sub-Saharan Africa: Mineral resources and political instability Sub-Saharan Africa: Mineral resources and political instability
Africa, south of Sahara, is a region with plenty of valuable mineral resources - metals, oil and diamonds. Foreign investments lead the extraction and exploration in many of these places to supply the world markets. This region is also the site of several open conflicts, recent and trying peace and political instability. Foreign armed forces are present in military bases and peace keeping forces. Copyright Le Monde Diplomatique 2004.
02 Nov 2006 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Le Monde Diplomatique
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Human impact, year 2032 (security first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (security first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 security first scenario. This scenario assumes a world of striking disparities where inequality and conflict prevail.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Human impact, year 2032 (markets first scenario) Human impact, year 2032 (markets first scenario)
The GLOBIO-2 model is based on settlements and modern infrastructure such as roads, powerlines and pipelines. This map presents the possible situation in 2032, using the GEO-3 markets first scenario. This scenario suggests that most of the world adopts the values and expectations prevailing in today’s industrialized countries.
04 Oct 2005 - by Hugo Ahlenius, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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