HomeAboutActivitiesMapsPhotosPublicationsNews
 
Home >> Climate

Tag: Climate

The spread of cholera 1950-2004 The spread of cholera 1950-2004
Increasing floods in between dry periods represent ideal conditions for spreading diseases such as cholera. In Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania located in the desert, precipitations - when they occur - are always accompanied by a cholera epidemic, especially in poor areas where waste matter is not managed. Cholera had almost disappeared globally by the mid 1950s, but it reappeared and spread throughout the world during the last few decades. ...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
4
Transboundary water governance - averting conflict Transboundary water governance - averting conflict
Most governments recognize that violence over water is seldom strategically workable or economically viable and the most hostile enemies have a capacity for cooperation where water is concerned. The institutions that they create to avert conflict have shown extraordinary resilience. The considerable time taken to negotiate the establishment of these institutions - 40 years for the Jordan agreement for example - bears testimony to the sensitivity ...
26 Jan 2009 - by GRID-Arendal
3
Vulnerability of National Economies to Potential Climate-Induced Changes in Fisheries Vulnerability of National Economies to Potential Climate-Induced Changes in Fisheries
Comparative vulnerability of national economies to climate impacts on fisheries. Vulnerability of national economies of potential climate change impacts on fisheries (which integrates exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity) under IPCC scenario B2 (local development, lower emissions).
06 Oct 2009 - by Giulio Frigieri
3
Sea Ice Anomaly in Northern Hemisphere Sea Ice Anomaly in Northern Hemisphere
Arctic sea-ice reductions have significant impacts on climate, wildlife and communities. The opening of open water across the Arctic ocean will have unknown consequences in terms of changes in water circulation and redistribution of species from the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. As sea ice coverage declines, albedo diminishes and more radiation is absorbed by the sea water, in a feed-back process that enhances warming and melting sea ice.
06 Oct 2009 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Species Turnover Species Turnover
Change in the initial species richness in 2005 relative to 2001-2005 average (high-range climate change scenario). Studies predict species invasion will be profound in the Arctic and Southern Oceans. Among others these changes could result in a significant turnover of species of more than 60% of present biodiversity. This has the potential to disrupt a range of marine ecosystem services including food provisioning.
06 Oct 2009 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Differentiated Responnsibilities Differentiated Responnsibilities
Reported CFC production of Non-Article 5 countries (24 out of 49 states reporting)
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Vulnerabilities Vulnerabilities
Health impacts due to ultraviolet radiation
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
The Ozone Protection Landscape The Ozone Protection Landscape
National Ozone Units in developing countries
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Arctic Ozone Depletion and Stratospheric Temperature Arctic Ozone Depletion and Stratospheric Temperature
Changes in ozone amounts are closely linked to temperature, with colder temperatures resulting in more polar stratospheric clouds and lower ozone levels. Atmospheric motions drive the year-to-year temperature changes.The Arctic stratosphere has cooled slightly since 1979, but scientists are currently unsure of the cause.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
HCFC: A Transitional Substitute for CFC HCFC: A Transitional Substitute for CFC
Depicting gradually replaced by HFCs and, to a lesser degree by natural refrigerants in developped countries (where the HCFC phase-out deadline for production was reached in 2004).
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Deadlines for Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances Deadlines for Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances
Defined in the Montreal Protocol phase-outs
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
5
The Ozone International Awakening The Ozone International Awakening
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Air Conditioning in Southern China Air Conditioning in Southern China
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
The Antarctic Hole The Antarctic Hole
From September 21-30, 2006, the average area of the ozone hole was the largest ever observed.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
ODS Banks Reduction Potential by 2015 ODS Banks Reduction Potential by 2015
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Chemical Ozone Destruction Process in the Stratosphere Chemical Ozone Destruction Process in the Stratosphere
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Destroying ODS Banks: A Cheap Way to Mitigate Climate Change Destroying ODS Banks: A Cheap Way to Mitigate Climate Change
No data
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
Recipients and contributors countries of the Multilateral Fund Recipients and contributors countries of the Multilateral Fund
Countries receive funds according to their compliance needs. That is, they receive funds to phase-out specific amounts of ODS production and consumption. Hence,ODS producer countries and high consumers receive more funds since they have greater needs. However all developing countries who are Parties to the Montreal Protocol have received assistance. Naturally, larger countries with higher population will also have a greater need for ODS, and ther...
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
3
HFC AND N2O: Two Climate Enemies Related to the Ozone Layer HFC AND N2O: Two Climate Enemies Related to the Ozone Layer
Selected greenhouse gases emissions and projections
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
4
Skin Colour Map (Indigenous People) Skin Colour Map (Indigenous People)
Predicted from multiple environmental factors.
02 Nov 2009 - by Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
2