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Greater Virunga
The mountain ecosystems of East Africa are rich in biodiversity and are an important resource for local communities. They provide food, freshwater, fibre, fuel, shelter, building materials, medicines and other important ...
19 Oct 2016 - by GRID-Arendal / Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
Regional institutional arrangements
At the transnational level, a significant number of policies and institutional frameworks exist and are in operation. In East Africa, these arrangements can be used to pursue the agenda for sustainable mountain develop...
19 Oct 2016 - by GRID-Arendal / Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
Contribution to climate change
A key constraint hindering the development of the energy sector is limited finance. In addition to the economic costs of constructing dams, there is the social and environmental cost to consider. The construction of ne...
19 Oct 2016 - by GRID-Arendal / Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
Projected change in the distribution of malaria's vectors
*Under a climate change scenario with a rise of 2°C Africa wide temperature, 10% increase of summer rainfall and 10% decrease in winter rainfall. The overall climatic suitability of a nominated location for the two speci...
19 Oct 2016 - by GRID-Arendal /Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
Climate change impacts on agriculture
While projections for future impacts of climate change on agriculture in large parts of Africa are dire, the mountainous areas of East Africa may benefit from warmer temperatures and an increase in precipitation (Niang e...
19 Oct 2016 - by GRID-Arendal / Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
Ecosystem services: Tourism
Tourism is an important and growing economic sector for East Africa. Economic revenues from tourism for Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Uganda, DRC and Tanzania amount to an annual average of over USD 7 billion (World B...
19 Oct 2016 - by GRID-Arendal / Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
Ecosystem services: Energy
Access to electricity is one of East Africa’s key constraints. In the majority of the subregion, less than 20 per cent of the population has access to electricity (UNEP, 2014). Firewood and charcoal remain the most com...
19 Oct 2016 - by GRID-Arendal /Nieves Lopez Izquierdo
Protected areas share of total land area in Tanzania
Tanzania has the second highest proportion of national protected areas among the Basin states, after Zambia, with 28 per cent of the country set aside for national parks, conservation areas, game reserves, and controlle...
21 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Existing and potential hydropower projects on the Zambezi River
Proposed Dams and Hydropower Projects Water has many critical roles in the realization of socio-economic development in southern Africa. One such role is to provide hydropower to help the region to meet its ever-growing ...
21 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has the lowest proportional slum population among the Zambezi Basin states at just 3.4 per cent, down from 4 per cent in 1990. The portion of national population living in urban areas was 36.4 per cent in 200...
21 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Zambia
Africa is the fastest urbanizing region in the world and Zambia was the third most highly urbanized country in southern Africa in 1990 after South Africa and Botswana (UN-HABITAT 2010). Zambia has continued to experience...
21 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions in Tanzania
The population living in unplanned peri-urban settlements has been decreasing as a proportion of total urban population, while the urban population has also been increasing. Therefore the numbers have been increasing whi...
21 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Proportion of urban dwellers living in slum conditions
One-third of the urban population of Namibia lives in slum conditions, a situation that has remained almost static since 1990, reducing by less than one per cent.
21 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Sanitation trends in Zimbabwe
Progress in achieving water and sanitation targets is off track. Urban water and sanitation systems are in urgent need of renewal, and have faced serious problems that led to localized outbreaks of cholera and typhoid. ...
15 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Access to safe water in rural and urban areas in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe’s total annual renewable freshwater resources amount to 20 cubic km per year, and although the country experiences quality and dry season problems at present, continued pressure on the resource will lead to wat...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Threatened species in Zimbabwe
Through the intensified conservation programmes, including the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE), the number of threatened species was reduced from 38 in 2000 to 32 in 2004. CAMPFIRE...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Carbon dioxide emissions in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has done well in phasing out ozone depleting substances, reaching the target five years ahead of the 2015 deadline set by the Montreal Protocol (Government of Zimbabwe 2010). The extent of carbon emissions is no...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Change in proportion of land area covered by forests in Zimbabwe
An initial impact of land reform was deforestation as forests were cleared to accommodate larger numbers of farmers, but the impact is yet to be quantified. Figure 4.52 shows that the proportion of land area covered by f...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Wood production in Zimbabwe
Between 2000 and 2005, Zimbabwe had the sixth highest rate of deforestation in Africa, averaging 3 130 sq km per year (FAO 2005), with increasing uncontrolled bush and forest fires. Agriculture is responsible for an esti...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Proportion of population without access to improved sanitation in Zambia
The proportion of national population without sustainable access to an improved water source had dropped below 40 per cent by 2008 and is on course to meet the MDG target of 25.5 per cent by 2015. With respect to sanitat...
14 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
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