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The Environmental Crime Crisis
The Environmental Crime Crisis
Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship betw ...
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/rr/crime
Wood and wood products from tropical countries to Europe and the United States
EU imports 133–385 million cubic meters RWE of wood products. The US imports about 72 million. About 59 per cent of the imports to the EU and the US are paper and pulp. The wood used to produce paper and pulp is often mo...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal Logging and log laundering
Mixing of legal with illegal wood, including in pulp, chips and paper is the far most common way to hide the imports of illegally procured timber.
01 Dec 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Rhino, and other wildlife, smuggling routes to and from Nepal
Rhinos were hunted intensively during the war in Nepal in the early to mid 2000s, with catastrophic effects to habitats such as Bardia National park.
15 Dec 2014 - by Philippe Rekacewicz
The bushmeat chain reaction
The illicit bushmeat trade involves a series of underlying socio-economic factors, but leads, with rising population densities, to local depletions of wildlife species, and increasingly inside protected areas.
03 Dec 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Taxation system in eastern DR Congo conflict zone - CNDP taxation on local resources
Militias, as here from DRC, put considerable emphasis upon controlling entrance roads to cities and the road network, as well as ports, in order to tax any good passing. Here, charcoal, being the primary energy supply to...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Saiga antelope populations
Saigas have been hunted since prehistoric times and today poaching remains the primary threat to this critically endangered species. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Saiga populations crashed by more than 95% ...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal wildlife trafficking affects species population
The illegal trade in wildlife excluding timber and fisheries has been estimated by different sources to be worth 7–23 billion dollars annually, involving a wide range of species including insects, reptiles, amphibians, f...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal logging methods
The illegal trade in flora, such as illegal logging, has been estimate to represent a value of 30-100 billion USD annually. An estimated 50-90% of the wood in some tropical countries is suspected to come from illegal sou...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal logging and the Congo conflict
Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts, as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerrillas or military units impose taxes on logging com...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Illegal charcoal trade in eastern DR Congo
The illicit charcoal trade in eastern DRC, but also into Uganda, Rwanda and Tanzania, is a significant income to criminals and militias. Militias in DRC are estimated to make 14–50 million USD annually on road taxes (2...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Forests and conflicts
Around the world, conflicts and wars are taking a toll on forests and on the communities that rely on them for their livelihood. Dense forests can serve as hideouts for insurgent groups or can be a vital source of reve...
18 Dec 2014 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, GRID Arendal
Major environmental crimes
The economic scale of environmental crime is substantial - especially on illegal logging and fisheries - and probably just as large as or well exceed global ODA (Official Development Assistance) of around USD 135 billi...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Environmental crime network
The opportunities ecosystems provide for future development are threatened by serious and increasingly sophisticated transnational organized environmental crime. This includes illegal logging, poaching and trafficking of...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
The charcoal supply chain
With current urbanization trends, households are switching from wood fuel to the affordable, convenient and readily accessible charcoal. Wood fuel and charcoal account for up to 90% of the household energy consumption in...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Charcoal business in Virunga area
The multitude of military groups operating in this region makes Virunga one of the most dangerous parks in the DRC. The charcoal trade is one of many lucrative illicit trades in the park, which also include timber ...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
The illegal charcoal trade controlled by Al Shabaab
Al Shabaab’s main income appears to be from charcoal, and taxing of other commodities, as well as possibly ex-pat finance. At a single roadblock they have been able to make up to USD 8–18 million per year for taxing pass...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Sturgeon catch in the Caspian Sea and caviar imports
The sturgeon – sought for its caviar – has declined dramatically in what is now a heavily illegal trade. To reduce the illicit trade in any wildlife, responses must include front line protection, customs control, investi...
18 Dec 2014 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, GRID Arendal
Brazilian Amazone: Law enforcement operations cause 76% reduction in deforestation
Brazil managed to reduce deforestation in the country primarily through a targeted and strict enforcement effort using satellite images to detect recent logging, followed by direct action by SWAT teams and investigators ...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Sub-Saharan Africa conflicts and the elephant range
Approximately 19,000 elephants are located within or very near conflict zones in countries with civil wars or significant unrest and armed non-state groups. Up to a maximum 15% of elephant populations are killed annually...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
Wood charcoal production in Africa
In Africa 90% of wood consumed is estimated used for woodfuel and charcoal (East Africa 94%, North Africa 96%, Central Africa 87%, South Africa 49%, West Africa 92%). Africa has an official charcoal production of 30.6 mi...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
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