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Living Planet: Connected Planet, Rapid Response AssessmentLiving Planet: Connected Planet, Rapid Response Assessment
Through the air, over land and in water, over ten thousand species numbering millions of animals travel around the world in a network of migratory pathways. The very foundation of these migratory species is their connection to places and corridors across the planet. The loss of a single point in their migration can jeopardize the entire population, while their concentrations make them highly vulnerable to overharvesting and poaching.
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/rr/living-planet
Global flyways of the six subspecies of Red Knot Global flyways of the six subspecies of Red Knot
The Red Knot is a migratory shorebird that travels up to 20,000 km twice a year from its breeding grounds on the high Arctic tundra to its southern non-breeding sites. Along with having one of the longest total migrations of any bird, some populations also fly as much as 8,000–9,000 km between stopover sites in a single flight. As a shellfish-eating specialist avoiding pathogen-rich freshwater habitats, the Red Knot relies on the few large ti...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Migratory routes for selected marine animals Migratory routes for selected marine animals
Acknowledging ecological networks and how their disruption may have an impact populations of migratory species is essential for the survival of these species and for fostering international collaboration. This is an overview of migratory routes for selected marine animals.
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Iron mine threatens Beluga around Baffin Island Iron mine threatens Beluga around Baffin Island
A large iron mine, operated by the Baffinland Iron Mines Corporation, has now been proposed in Baffin Island, with possibly severe impacts on wildlife on the island, such as development across the calving grounds of the caribou, and the establishment of two major ports. A 149 kilometres railway is planned, 100 kilometres of roads, 83 quarries (producing ca. 29,500,000 tons), and in an operation phase with an estimated traffic of 110 trucks per da...
06 May 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Migration of grassland birds in America Migration of grassland birds in America
The grasslands of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay in southern South America represent important habitat to numerous migratory and resident bird species. These birds play vital roles in the ecosystem by dispersing seeds and controlling insect populations. Some species, such as the Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis), migrate some 20,000 km from their breeding grounds along the Arctic coast to their non-breeding rang...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Saiga antelope locations in Kazakhstan Saiga antelope locations in Kazakhstan
Saiga Antelope locations in Kazakhstan in a period between 1970 to 2008.
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Red Knot migration along the East Atlantic flyway Red Knot migration along the East Atlantic flyway
Red Knots set off in April with large fat reserves (fuel) from the airport “West Coast National Park” (the Langebaan Lagoon tidal flats in South Africa) to fly 7,000–8,000 km until they reach the tidal flats of Guinea Bissau, the airport “Banc d’Arguin National Park” in Mauritania or another appropriate refuelling site. They recover the resources they lost and intensively feed for three weeks on protein-rich shellfish allowing them to almost do...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Spatial configuration on an ecological network Spatial configuration on an ecological network
A spatial configuration of an Ecological Network, showing how various resources are connected in the landscape
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Highway threaten Serengeti wildlife Highway threaten Serengeti wildlife
This graph shows proposed commercial roads across the Serengeti and surrounding region in 2010. However, following intense international pressure, the Tanzanian Government announced in 2011 that it will favour an alternative route to the South, outside the park. Some projections suggest that if the road were built, numbers may fall to less than 300,000 (Dobson and Borner, 2010), others that the herd could decline by a third (Holdo et al., 2011), ...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Leatherback Turtle migration in the Pacific Leatherback Turtle migration in the Pacific
The Leatherback Turtle is a long-distance migratory sea turtle, travelling between tropical breeding grounds and multiple pelagic and coastal foraging regions located in temperate and tropical waters. There are effectively two breeding stocks in the Pacific: a western Pacific stock that nests in Indonesia (Papua Barat), Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu; and an eastern Pacific stock that nests in Mexico, Costa Rica, and Nicar...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Saiga Antelope populations Saiga Antelope populations
The Saiga Antelope is a migratory herbivore of the steppes and deserts of Central Asia and Russia, capable of travelling hundreds of kilometres north to south on its annual migrations. Saigas have been hunted since prehistoric times and today poaching remains the primary threat to this critically endangered species. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Saiga populations crashed by more than 95% within a decade. While a number of Saiga po...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Humpback Whale movements within the South Pacific Humpback Whale movements within the South Pacific
Mortality due to entanglement and collisions with ships has been reported within the Southern Hemisphere. To varying degrees these threats are all present in both the Oceania region and the Southern Ocean. The International Whaling Commission’s Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary and temporary moratorium against commercial whaling offers limited protection to Humpback Whales from commercial whaling, but scientific whaling remains a threat. There is...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Cheetah and Wildebeest in East Africa Cheetah and Wildebeest in East Africa
Protecting the Cheetah’s range also benefits other migratory wildlife, including those not currently protected by international agreements such as Appendix I of the CMS. The Serengeti- Mara-Tsavo landscape, for example, is home not only to a globally important population of Cheetahs, but also to vast numbers of migratory Wildebeest, Zebra, Eland and Thomson’s Gazelle. In 2011, the Tanzanian government ensured that the proposed commercial road n...
08 Mar 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Lesser White-fronted Goose migratory routes in Eurasiah Lesser White-fronted Goose migratory routes in Eurasiah
The globally threatened Lesser White-fronted Goose is a Palearctic migrant, breeding discontinuously in forest- or shrub tundra and mountainous shrubby wetlands from Fennoscandia to easternmost Russia. The species has declined rapidly since the 1950s leading to a fragmentation of its breeding range. Many key stop-over and wintering sites are still unknown. Today, three distinct wild sub-populations remain, of which the two Western Palearc...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Who protects them? Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Who protects them? Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
Parties and non-parties to the Convention of Migratory Species. Severe gaps exist in the north and east and are urgently needed for protecting the ecological networks and migrations of many endangered species
01 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Snow Leopard range in Asia Snow Leopard range in Asia
The Snow Leopard inhabits the alpine and sub-alpine regions of Asia’s most spectacular mountain ranges. Occupying nearly 2 million km2, the snow leopard’s range extends across 12 range states from Russia and Mongolia to Nepal and Bhutan. Unfortunately this magnificent predator had to be listed as Endangered by the World Conservation Union (IUCN). As few as 3,500–7,000 cats may remain in the wild and the population is thought to be dwindling acr...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Yellow Sea, the flyway hub Yellow Sea, the flyway hub
The East Asian-Australasian flyway for migratory birds
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Nathusius’ Pipistrelle distribution and migration Nathusius’ Pipistrelle distribution and migration
The tiny Nathusius’ Pipistrelle, weighing only 6–10 grams, travels almost 2000 km from its breeding grounds in north-eastern Europe to its main hibernation areas in south-west Europe. Populations in Russia are thought to winter in the eastern Caucasus and the Volga Delta. Recently, the breeding range of Nathusius’ Pipistrelle has expanded towards the west and the south. New nursery colonies have been found in Ireland, the Netherlands, France, and...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Migratory species – flying in the air Migratory species – flying in the air
Acknowledging ecological networks and how their disrup-tion may have an impact populations of migratory species is essential for the survival of these species and for fostering international collaboration. This is an overview of selected migratory routes for birds.
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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The long migration of the Humpback Whale The long migration of the Humpback Whale
Humpback annual migrations between feeding grounds in polar waters to mating and calving grounds in tropical waters are amongst the longest of any mammal. Following heavy exploitation during much of the 19th and 20th centuries, Humpback Whales have been legally protected from commercial whaling since 1966, except for aboriginal and subsistence take, and in most areas their populations are showing signs of recovery. However, there is little evid...
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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Migratory species – running on land Migratory species – running on land
Acknowledging ecological networks and how their disruption may have an impact populations of migratory species is essential for the survival of these species and for fostering international collaboration. This is an overview of selected migratory ranges for ungulates.
15 Nov 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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