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Collection: Deep Sea Minerals Volume 1C

Deep Sea Minerals Volume 1C
Deep Sea Minerals Volume 1C
A physical, biological, environmental, and technical review, examine the geology and associated biology of the three principal deep sea mineral deposit types found in the Pacific Region. They also look at the environmental and technical aspects related to deep sea mineral extraction.
Available online at: http://www.grida.no/publications/deep-sea-minerals/
GOODS bioregions abyssal
Abyssal provinces bioregions. Depth range 3500 to 6500 metres.
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Examples of exploration tools
Exploration for ferromanganese crusts involves the identification, delineation and evaluation of deep sea mineral resources and generally requires sophisticated, multipurpose research vessels using advanced technologies ...
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Key element of marine reserve design
The hey design elements of marine reserves listed by the partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO 2007) provide a useful starting point for considering marine spatial planning and MPA planning.
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Sea-floor ferromanganese crust mining system and related sources of potential environmental impact.
The operation of sea-floor production tools will increase levels of introduced noise, vibration, and light. There can be direct damage to other animals, sessile benthic fauna will be particularly vulnerable.
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
List of potential studies
List of potential studies that may be required to define the environment prior to development. Note that this is not an exhaustive list.
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Relative abundance of megafanual taxa
Relative abundance of megafaunal taxa (number of animals per hectare) from the different substrate types sampled during Japan-SOPAC surveys.
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Cobalt-rich crust
A generalized schematic of biological characteristics associated with ferromanganese crust on a seamount in the Pacific (with reference to Fukushima 2007 and Clark et al. 2011b).
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
GOODS bioregions bathyal
Lower bathyal provinces. Depth range 800 to 3000 metres.
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Concentration of cobalt, nickel, and other metals of potential economic importance in ferromanganese crusts
Cobalt, the trace metal of greatest economic interest, can be up to 2 per cent, but usually averages 0.5 to 0.8 per cent by weight. Ferromanganese crusts contain, among other metals, the highest concentrations of the r...
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Concentration of iron and manganese in deep sea crusts
Concentration of iron and manganese in ferromanganese crusts.
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Formation of Fe-Mn crusts
A wide array of metals and elements dissolved in ocean water are adsorbed (meaning to adhere to a surface) in large quantities onto the manganese and iron oxides. The main source of nearly all metals dissolved in seawa...
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Location of Seamounts
n the Pacific Ocean there are more than 11,000 seamounts (57% of the global total) and 41 000 knolls, and many more might exist in uncharted waters. Many seamounts are within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZs) of Pacific...
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Participating Pacific Island States
The Pacific ACP States (i.e., Africa-Caribbean-Pacific Group of States) participating in the European-Union-funded SPC Deep Sea Minerals Project.
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
The road from exploration to exploitation
Environmental impact assessment and environmental permitting process considerations – an example from Papua New Guinea.
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Gifford Guyot, Tasman Sea, southwest Pacific Ocean
This multibeam sonar image was collected in 2007 aboard the RV Tangaroa during a Geoscience Australia marine survey. The flat top of the guyot is about 250 m deep.
12 Mar 2014 - by GRID-Arendal